The Blakeney Area Historical Society (BAHS) in North Norfolk

The Blakeney Area Historical Society

Covering The Blakeney Haven (Blakeney, Cley, Morston,Salthouse, Wiveton) & Adjacent Hinterland

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The Glaven Historian

The Journal of The Blakeney Area Historical Society (BAHS)

The current membership year is 01/07/2017-30/06/2018.

To find a particular issue scroll down the page or use this menu to go quickly to a specific issue.

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Members of the Society receive a complimentary copy of the Glaven Historian as a benefit of their membership, subject to being a current member when it is published.

Below you will find details of each Glaven Historian issue with, in most cases, a synopsis of each article.

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Online Issues

All issues, bar the most recent, of the Glaven Historian are now online.

Issues 7 and 9 to 14 may only be viewed by members with a subscription for the current membership year or where the subscription for the preceding membership year has lapsed but it is before 01/11/2017 (i.e. lapsed members get a grace period of 123 days following the end of the preceding membership year during which they still have full access to content the society places on the website for use by currently subscribed members). If so, please click here to login then return to this page and click on the relevant link for the online version you wish to view.

Each issue is in Adobe Acrobat Reader PDF format and available as a single (PDF) file, Some issues also have each article available as a separate (PDF) file.

At present issues 2 to 5 are scanned copies of the original issues. Consequently they are rather large files which may take some time to open. The other Issues benefit from being smaller files and may also be searched for particular words or phrases (see above tip).

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Glaven Historian Contents

The issues are listed from the most recent publication to the earliest publication.

Issue 15 - 2017

As this is the most recent issue it is not, as yet, available online.

Archaeological recording at the entrance to St Margaret’s churchyard, Cley-next-the-Sea by Sarah Bates

Opening a window on Cley. The archaeological excavation: historical and environmental evidence by John Peake

The Binham fieldbook of 1576 by John Wright

Sir William Heydon and his heraldic heiresses by Diana Cooke

Christopher Ringer of Field Dalling and provision for the poor of north Norfolk, 1601-1834 by Michael Medlar

Farm rents for Manor Farm, Field Dalling, 1773-1821 by Michael Medlar

The Field names of Cley in 1841 by Richard Dunn

A General investigation: “Just Like That” by Eric Hotblack

The wreck of the Hjørdis in 1916 by John Wright

Thomas William Bourne of Cley and Blakeney by Dana Josephson and Robert J Bruce

Blakeney World War II Parish Invasion Committee by Pamela Peake

Issue 14 - 2014

Click here for an online version presented as a portable document format (pdf). It will open in a separate window or tab

Supplying the Beer: life on the road in late 18th century Norfolk by Margaret Bird

Synopsis: Life in the rural hinterland in the 18th century was by no means as isolated as it is often portrayed. Itinerancy was not confined to Nonconformist preachers, and large sections of the population were on the move.

Brewers’ draymen covered huge distances carting beer to the public houses; some journeyed as much as 550 miles a month on top of their other duties. Through their diaries the brewer’s wife Mary Hardy and her nephew Henry Raven, the apprentice, enable us to chart the daily tasks of a workforce who nurtured the product all the way from ploughing and sowing to malting, brewing and distribution around north Norfolk.

The Social Geography of the Town of Cley in 1841 by Richard Dunn

Synopsis: the geographical patterns of employment and land use in Cley in 1841 are explored using the Tithe Map and the 1841 Census; the main results are presented in a series of maps for the village and its sub areas, and it is suggested that five distinctive social subdivisions or neighbourhoods existed at this time.

Capt Frederick Marryat — Langham Farmer 1843-1848 by Michael Medlar

Synopsis: Captain Marryat farmed his estate in Langham from 1843 until his death in 1848. It is generally held that he was a failure as a farmer, losing considerable sums of money. The Norfolk Record Office holds partial farm accounts for the period 23 October 1845 to 20 April 1846 for Marryat’s estate. Using these accounts, the 1852 sale particulars of the estate and other documents at NRO, Marryat’s will and modern biographies, the author explores how successful or otherwise Marryat was as a farmer.

The Collier Brig by Sara Dobson

Synopsis: Whilst researching the voyages of the Lively , a 19th century collier brig registered in Cley,1 the following article was found.2 Written in the 1850s, it gives a descriptive account of the voyage of a collier brig taking coal from Newcastle to London.

James Hackman, Murderer, Rector of Wiveton by William Savage

Synopsis: an account of the murder by Hackmann of a young actress, a mistress of the Earl of Sandwich, with whom he was infatuated.

History of the Cley Hall Estate (part 2) by John Ebdon

Synopsis: The continuation of this history of the Cley Hall Estate will deal with William Hardy Cozens-Hardy’s continued development and expansion of the combined Letheringsett and Cley Estates from when he inherited in 1842 until his death in 1895, his numerous children coupled with the growing influence they had in the local area, through Norfolk, to London and national politics.

However, the next 50 years to 1945 were to prove far more tumultuous for the estates, as like many other country estates, this prosperity did not continue through the twentieth century with the death of the heir Raven in 1917 fighting in the First World War and the gradual break up and dispersal of almost all of the property by the end of the twentieth century.

A Partial History of the World in One Object by Eric Hotblack

Synopsis: An unexpectedly wide ranging investigation of the identification of a bead.

Back Pages

Issue 13 - 2012

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Morston 400 years Ago by John Wright

Synopsis: fieldbooks for Morston, prepared between c.1480 and 1619 and containing detailed descriptions of each piece of land in the parish, suggest that the agricultural landscape changed little during that period. The books can be used to illustrate aspects of life in Morston 400 years ago, and could yield more if used in conjunction with other documents and field studies.

Alfred Magnus Catling (1883-1961) by Serica East

Synopsis: from the wealth, privilege and education provided by birth in the London suburbs of Victorian and Edwardian England to an isolated small village on the edge of the North Sea. This was the journey taken by Alfred Magnus “Curly” Catling and his assimilation into this community. A story that includes his role as a bird collector and naturalist.

“Curly” Catling, as he was affectionately known, was a link between wildfowlers and naturalists. I can tell his story for he was an old friend of mine. I knew him when quite a young man and long after he had become a kind of “museum piece” in his old age whom everybody liked to visit in his little house looking out over the saltmarshes where he has lived so long and which he loved so well. ” CR Borrer 19611

The Lively of the Port of Cley, Norfolk by Sara Dobson

Synopsis: the ‘Lively’, a snow-rigged brig, was owned by Howard Ramm from 1837 to 1861; it was instrumental in making him a prosperous man. Using information from Lloyds’ Shipping Registers & Lists, Newspapers and other sources it has been possible to chart some of the highs and lows of the working life of this durable little ship.

The Quay at Cley by Frank Hawes

Synopsis: changes in the ownership and uses of the Quay at Cley next the Sea since the sixteenth century and of buildings surrounding it during the last two hundred years are described from a mixture of published records and village memories.

Ralph Greneway: more than a Myth by Pamela Peake

Synopsis: this article explores Ralph Greneway and his close relatives through the content of surviving wills, establishing them as a close-knit successful Tudor family. Geographically they spread from rural Norfolk to the city of London where they became prosperous merchants and members of the governing elite, yet never seemingly forgetting their place of birth.

The Dutchman and the "king's broad seale" embanking the North Norfolk Coast by Peter Smith

Synopsis: Jan van Haesdoncke is best known around the Blakeney Haven for the part he paid in reclaiming land from the sea. Though he went armed with “the king’s broad seale” that empowered him to enclose sea marshes around East Anglia and even in Cheshire and other parts of the country, Van Haesdoncke was not always successful. And despite his heroic efforts on behalf of the Stuart House during the civil wars, he died still owed considerable sums of money by the restored King Charles II.

Birth of the Blakeney 12 by Shaun Hill

Synopsis: February 2012 saw the 50th anniversary of the Blakeney 12. The first steps in its formation and early development, initially under the chairmanship of Dr. Thomas Acheson and subsequently under his successor Stratton Long, are investigated.

A Shopkeeper of Cley in the 16th Century by John Peake

Synopsis: an inventory made in 1592 of the contents of a shop in Cley and the list of debts and debtors provides an opportunity to discuss some features of the town.

Farming in Field Dalling 1610-1876 by Mike Medlar

Synopsis: using the will and inventory of Robert Stileman (died 1610) and the field book of Henry Savory (1868-1876), the author looks at farming practices in seventeenth and nineteenth century Field Dalling and compares and contrasts them with what was happening locally and in north-west Norfolk.

More information on the Ramms of Cley

Notes on a Boot Found at 127-129 High Street, Blakeney

The Dean and Chapter Estate in Field Dalling: 1526 to 1900 continued

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Issue 12 - 2010

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The Military Survey of 1522 - by John Wright

Synopsis: The Military Survey of 1522 appeared to be a muster of all able-bodied males aged 16-60 but the government of the day had an ulterior motive: to prepare for a substantial tax in the form of a 'forced loan' to Henry VIII. The records for some parts of Norfolk have survived, including those for Holt Hundred which includes the Glaven parishes. This article describes the nature of the Survey, comments on the Holt Hundred document, and lists all the people recorded in Blakeney, Cley and Wiveton.

The Blakeney & Cley Golf Club: by Philip Page and John Peake

Synopsis: A brief history of the Blakeney and Cley Golf Club together with some of Philip Page's memories of his time as a club member.

Wrench vs Wrench - A Case in Chancery: by John Rodgers

Synopsis: Between 1832 and 1852 a Morston-based family had problems over the division between themselves of various properties. They resorted to the court of Chancery to find a solution. The consequences are examined using records available at The National Archives.

Stormy Weather - The Ramms of Cley:by Sara Dobson

Synopsis: During the early part of the nineteenth century members of the Ramm family had their lives and fortunes shaped by their close association with the sea. This relationship is explored using information found in newspapers, wills, Lloyd’s Registers of Shipping and other sources.

The Little Red Box - A Short History of British Post Boxes: by David A Perryman

Synopsis: The development of letter boxes in the UK is traced from their introduction in the Channel Isles in 1852 to the present day, together with a detailed account of the boxes surviving in the Blakeney area.

The Dean & Chapter Estate in Field Dalling 1526 - 1900: by Mike Medlar

Synopsis: The author looks at the problems faced by the Dean and Chapter of Norwich Cathedral over the 400 years when it owned property in Field Dalling. He explores how it tried to regain control of the estate after nearly 200 years of long leases

The Blakeney War Census 1942: by Pamela Peake

Synopsis: The survival of a World War II census for Blakeney is a bonus for local historians. This article is primarily a transcript and analysis making the census available to a wider audience. Observations on the housing reveal how present day Blakeney has evolved from the village described in 1942.

History of The Cley Hall Estate - The Emergence of the Hardys 1839-1855: by John Ebdon

Synopsis: The 1839 catalogue and plan of the Cley Hall Estate together with an estate map of the same year are used to examine the Estate assembled by the Thomlinsons in Cley and the subsequent purchase by the Hardy family from Letheringsett. The substantial expansion by William Hardy II enhanced his wealth and his social position.

Henry Tyrrell, Shipbuilder, some additional facts

John Baines revisited

New Found News! (follow up to Stormy Weather)

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Issue 11 - 2008

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Henry Tyrrell, Shipbuilder: by Michael Stammers

Synopsis: a brief biography of a 19th century north Norfolk shipbuilder with a list of all the ships he is known to have built.

Enclosure in Langham 1815 to 1820: winners and losers: by Mike Medlar

Synopsis: The author looks at the enclosure of Langham following the Act of 1815 to see who gained and who lost as a result of the enclosure award.

Peter Catling Ship Models – Part 2: by Jonathan Hooton

Synopsis: In the Glaven Historian No 10 I wrote an article about Peter Catling and his ship models. This article is meant to complement that one by giving some background information about the vessels that Peter modelled.

Stiffkey Churchyard: by John Wright

Synopsis: In 2007 the Stiffkey Parochial Church Council invited the author to help prepare a new edition of the Guide to the Parish Church (published in March 2008). This stimulated further research on the history of both church and village. Three particular questions about the church are addressed in this article. Some new evidence is brought to bear but definitive answers remain elusive.

The Iconography of Peace - the Retable in the Chapel of St Thomas à Becket, Blakeney: by Neil Batcock

Comparing and Contrasting the Communities of Kelling and Weybourne in the 19th and 20th centuries: by Brenda Worton

Synopsis: this paper is based on a dissertation submitted as part of the requirements for the Master of Arts degree in Local and Regional History at the University of East Anglia. A study is made of population, occupations, and instruments of change to support a theory that Kelling and Weybourne are examples of 'close' and 'open' villages respectively.

Wall Panels - an update: Salthouse Church

More from the School Registers

Quaint Old Cley Customs

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Issue 10 - 2007

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Church & other Organs in the Glaven Valley: by Andrew Hayden

Synopsis: Church organs have a long history dating back to at least the 12th century. In the Glaven Valley and some of the surrounding villages there are a number of fine historic organs from the 19th century that illustrate a range of these instruments and their builders.

The Mysterious Green Man: by Geoff Worton

Synopsis: This article explores the enigmatic carvings, pictures etc. depicting the 'Green Man' who appears in so many Norfolk churches. It considers his place in history and folklore before discussing his various guises and where he might be found.

Blakeney Ships and their Owners in the mid 19th Century: by Michael Stammers

Synopsis: Based on the local Shipping Registers and other records, an analysis of the characteristics of ships acquired in Blakeney, Cley and district between 1839 and 1873 is presented. This information, together with a breakdown of the shareholders allows the substantial non-maritime investment and also the value, earnings and trades to be placed in the general context of mid 19th century rural ports.

The Catling Ship Models: by Jonathan Hooton

Synopsis: a brief biography of Peter Catling and an account of his ship models.

The Calthorpes in Norfolk "a clan rather than a family": by Pamela Peake

Synopsis: The history of the Calthorpe family in North Norfolk is explored, thereby placing their presence in the lower Glaven valley in a wider context. Their financial fortunes are followed through centuries of land ownership, advantageous marriages, religious turmoil, political unrest and public service. It demonstrates the versatility and survival of this family extending through 21 generations.

Rural Settlement in North Norfolk: by Michael Medlar

Synopsis: The area between the Glaven and Stiffkey valleys is one of undulating terrain covered with a variety of soils. In this article the author will explore the development of settlement in the parishes of Glandford, Saxlingham, Langham, Field Dalling, Cockthorpe and Binham in the medieval period between the compiling of the Doomsday Book (1086) and the Dissolution of the Monasteries (circa 1540). The evidence from the printed sources, original maps and documents, as well as from the modern landscape, will be used in this interpretation, but more detailed analysis of archaeological finds could enable a fuller picture of each settlement to be constructed.

Archaeological Excavations in Wiveton Village - preliminary results from the Higher Education Field Academy CORS test pits in 2006: by Carenza Lewis

Synopsis: Fourteen test pits were excavated in Wiveton by children from surrounding schools working under the auspices of HEFA and CORS schemes. These pits were distributed throughout the village and material recovered from them, particularly pottery, has been identified and phosphate levels of soil samples have been analysed. The distribution of the different pottery types provides some interesting and provocative ideas on the early history of the village. It suggests that there was possibly a hiatus in the population between the Black Death and the mid-16th century and that the centre of the village lay to the north of the church.

Maps: by John Peake

Trust not the 21st century Oracle: by Frank Hawes

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Issue 9 - 2006

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A Report on the Archaeological Excavation of 'Blakeney Chapel': by Richard Lee

Synopsis: During 2004-5 a long overdue evaluation and detailed excavation of the 'Chapel' site was undertaken. It demonstrated three major periods of activity and the presence of two buildings. It is thought that the earliest feature is a ditched enclosure dated from the 11th to 12th century. Two buildings were occupied during the 14th to 15th and the 16th to 17th centuries. Possible uses of the site are explored.

The Shipping Survey of 1572: by Jonathan Hooton

Synopsis: The shipping survey of 1572 is interesting in that it records Blakeney as being a creek of Yarmouth, but Cley and Wiveton as being creeks of Lynn. Most of the other evidence examined points to all three ports being creeks of Yarmouth. The survey is then compared with those of 1565 and 1580 and it is found that there is surprisingly little continuity in the information. It appears likely that differences in the way the surveys were compiled could account for this, but caution is needed when relying solely on these surveys for an accurate picture of 16th century shipping.

The Map of the Blakeney Haven and Port of Cley - 1586: by Raymond Frostick

Early sixteenth century wills of Langham as indicators of religious change: by Michael Medlar

Synopsis: The religious outlook of the people of Langham in the first forty years of the sixteenth century is explored through the Contents of surviving wills.

Friendly Societies in the Blakeney area: by Brenda Stibbons

Synopsis: This article outlines the importance of Friendly Societies to the working and middle classes in the nineteenth century and, using research on societies in the Blakeney area, gives examples of their membership and how the Societies were organised. Over 550 were identified in Norfolk, including local independent societies and branches of national orders, such as the Independent Order of Oddfellows, Manchester Unity, and Ancient Order of Foresters.

Blakeney's 'Map of the World' in 1368: by John Wright

Synopsis: An inventory of 1368 shows that Blakeney Church contained a 'mappa mundi', a rare possession at that date. Could this description refer to a 'world map' in the style of the one in Hereford Cathedral today? This article explores other possibilities and concludes, as did an early Guide to Blakeney Church, that this 'mappa mundi' would have been a geographical text rather than a drawn map.

An Anglo-Saxon Burial at All Saints, Bayfield: by Kenneth Penn & David Whitmore

Synopsis: Issue No 7 of the Glaven Historian carried a report on the discovery and investigation of an isolated burial; the grave-goods appeared to point to a date somewhere in the 1st century AD, that is the late Iron Age or the early Roman period. Full excavation and study of the whole assemblage showed that the burial belonged to the Saxon period, probably in the first half of the 7th century. The grave-goods also have quite strong Frankish associations, in particular, the rouletted pot; fabric analysis indicates that this came from the Pas-de-Calais, France.

Carved Roof Panels at All Saints, Cockthorpe: by John Peake

Synopsis: Cockthorpe Church contains three, probably 15th century, roof panels that are possibly unique in this area of North Norfolk. The panels show an amazing array of carved foils.

Cockthorpe Churchyard: The Monuments and Monumental Inscriptions: by Pamela Peake

Synopsis: The Monuments and Monumental Inscriptions of the churchyard of All Saints, Cockthorpe are recorded and discussed in light of changing social patterns, the church registers and the local community.

Sixty Years of Village Housing: the Diamond Jubilee of the Blakeney Neighbourhood Housing Society: by Richard Kelham

Synopsis: A brief outline of the origins of this pioneering example of the combination of local housing provision and conservation, and a few notes on the origin of the Society's emblem. Photographs are from the BNHS archives.

Danish influence on Place Names: by Morris Arthur

From the School Registers: by Pamela Peake

Wet-nurses at Stiffkey: by John Peake

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Issue No 8 -  2005

This issue is online and the downloaded articles are searchable for specific words or phrases. You may click on an individual article or the complete issue . It will open in a separate tab or window.

Please note the original issue was now typeset digitally. The original has been scanned and text converted using optical character recognition. Whilst this means that it is possible that some errors may have been introduced we feel the benefits of being able to search for specific words or phrases outweigh this disadvantage.

  • Contents

  • Editorial

  • "Minstrel" Biography of a Sailing Ship: by Jonathan Hooton
    Synopsis: The Minstral traded during the second half of the 19th century and into the next, visiting Blakeney and other ports along the North Norfolk coast. Here the wealth of information about the schooner is retrieved, from voyages along the coast and overseas to the people who built, owned and sailed her.

  • Kenneth Ernest William Allen 1909-1992 - An appreciation: by Ronald Beresford Dew

  • Innkeepers and Blacksmiths of Blakeney - The Allen Connection: by Pamela Peake
    Synopsis: Blacksmiths and innkeepers were at the heart of every successful Victorian village and with four blacksmiths in the family and 40 years at the Kings Arms, the Allens were undoubtedly major players. Their integration into the community, family fortunes and vicissitudes, provides the glue to a story of the role of blacksmiths, innkeepers and their premises. From 1861 till just beyond the twentieth century Domesday, it reveals a rather surprising perspective of Blakeney at a time of significant change.

  • Some Historically Significant Trees in Norfolk: by John White
    Synopsis: At first glance Norfolk may seem to be devoid of significant trees but this is certainly not true There is a wealth of arboreal diversity and history equal to any other county in England; some of this diversity is explored in this paper.

  • "Lest We Forget" HMS Princess Victoria and War Graves in North Norfolk Churchyards: by Richard Jefferson
    Synopsis: The chance discovery of the graves of three World War II Royal Navy seamen in Cley churchyard, all from a minelayer (converted from a pre-war car ferry), started a search for more information. HMS Princess Victoria struck a mine near the mouth of the River Humber close to midnight on 18th May 1940 and sank within minutes with the loss of 37 lives. Only 9 of the casualties have known graves, and 7 of those are in Norfolk, the bodies being washed up on our North Norfolk coast a month later.

  • A Snapshot of Blakeney Haven in 1565: by John Peake
    Synopsis: Churches surrounding Blakeney Haven are rich in ship graffiti, much of it probably dating from the 15th and 16th centuries and later. The community who produced these drawings is explored using a 1565 Survey of the ports, creeks and landing places in Norfolk.

  • Blakeney Point and University College London: by D J B White
    Synopsis: An account of Professor F W Oliver's part in securing Blakeney Point as a nature reserve, and of the consequent relationship between the Botany Department of University College London with the Point which has lasted for 95 years. Blakeney Point became a National Nature Reserve in 1994.

  • Back Pages
    Work in Progress: The Cockthorpe Project: Introduced by Frank Hawes and Pamela PeakeFrom the Norwich Mercury: Smugglers, Property Announcements: Courtesy the History Centre.

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Issue No 7 - 2004

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Five Thousand Years on Blakeney Eye: by Chris Birks

Synopsis: An excavation carried out on Blakeney Eye in 2003 produced evidence of human use of the site since prehistoric times and expanded knowledge of the 'chapel' structure. A gold bracteate from about the 6th century demonstrated wider cultural links during this period, as did pottery from the 15th and 16th centuries. Beneath the turf surface the 'chapel' consists of two separate cells, one with substantial walls having a cobbled area at the western end.

Punt-gunning on Blakeney Harbour:- Extracts From the Wild:fowling Journal of William Bolding Monement: by Richard Jefferson, Brent Johnson & Frank Hawes

Synopsis: W Bolding Monement (1846-1925) was one of the leading gentleman wildfowlers of his day. He lived in Weybourne in the house that is now the Maltings Hotel which he had inherited from his uncle W J J Bolding whose photography was the subject of an article in The Glaven Historian No.6. His wildfowling journal, kept in a hardback morocco-bordered exercise book, was started in 1880 and covered not only three trips to Scotland and the Hebridies and seven to the Netherlands but also these two accounts of punt-gunning locally.

'They seek them here, they seek them there' or the Migration of people to and from the three Glaven Villages in the second half of the nineteenth Century: by John Peake.

Synopsis: Using the census records for 1851 and 1881 the movements of people to and from Blakeney, Wiveton and Cley are explored. Short distance migration was prevalent, with long distance being to London and more importantly north to Westoe and South Shields. The population in the villages fell by 20% and the importance of migrants in maintaining their vitality is discussed. The effect of this fall was not spread evenly across the community and its impact on the villages is discussed.

A very Brief History of The Blakeney Players: by Janet Harcourt

Synopsis: A very brief history of a group of amateur thespians and their place in the community. This is put into its historical context in the days before entertainment became largely passive.

A Port in Decline: Blakeney & Cley 1850 -1914: by Jonathan Hooton

Synopsis: An analysis of the period from the mid-nineteenth century that marked the terminal decline and extinction of the Glaven ports drawing on Ships' Registers and Harbour Company's records among other sources.

Investigation of a Late Iron Age or early Roman burial at Letheringsett with Glandford, Norfolk: by David Gurney

Synopsis: Following the discovery of a patera, an investigation to establish its immediate context indicates that the vessel forms part of a richly-furnished Late Iron Age or early Roman burial.

The Highs and Lows of living in Blakeney - Some thoughts on Mariners and their Memorials: by Pamela Peake

Synopsis: Some of the last vestiges of Blakeney's maritime heritage are to be found amongst the headstones in the churchyard of St. Nicholas. They are the monumental inscriptions that provide tantalising glimpses of sea-faring families, clues to lifeboats, tales of wrecks in far off places, named vessels and tragic misadventure. This article explores some of the stories behind these inscriptions.

Poetry Please: by Peter Wordingham

Worth their Salt: by Richard Kelham

The Origins of Taylor's Wood: by Richard Kelham

The Measurement of Ships: by Richard Kelham

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Issue No 6 - 2003

This issue is online and the downloaded articles are searchable for specific words or phrases. You may click on an individual article or the complete issue. It will open in a separate tab or window.

  • Contents

  • Editorial

  • W J J Bolding (1815-1899), Pioneer North Norfolk Photographer: by Richard Jefferson
    Synopsis: an introduction to work of a pioneer photographer from Weybourne. As well as giving family background, the author traces connections with members the Norwich School of painters.
  • This article has since developed into a book whose proceeds go to Cancer Research.

    Read more...

  • The Ann of Clay Capt Francis Plumb 1841: by Jonathan Hooton
    Synopsis: the author gives background on the artistic genre known as “pierhead painting” and traces the origin of a particular example which features a locally owned vessel

  • Reminiscences of the Glaven Valley: Care of the Dying and the Dead in the First 50 years of the 20th Century: by Monica White
    Synopsis: an account of local nursing and funeral practices in the first half of the 20th century with reference to the customs and personalities as recalled by some of the people who lived in the Glaven villages at that time and was collected by the author at the suggestion of the present Rector, the Rev. Philip Norwood.>

  • A Family of Substance: George Brigge of Wiveton and his relatives: by Pamela Peake
    Synopsis: the brass memorials for George and Anne Brigge and the earlier cadaver are the starting points for exploring this family that held a manor in Wiveton, now known as Wiveton Brigges, yet seemingly never lived in the parish. Early colour is provided by wills from the 16th century, highlighting a family of substance with property across the county. They were essentially medieval in outlook where values of honour, integrity of an inheritance and the permanence of the name were paramount. Nowhere is this more clearly seen than in George Brigge’s will, while his memorial is a lasting legacy to the family.

  • The Glebe Terriers of Cley: Changes in the Landscape during the 17th & 18th Centuries: by John Peake
    Synopsis: changes in field patterns in Cley are analysed using a sequence of 200 years of glebe terriers. The few years between 1760 and 1765 are identified as the period when the medieval pattern of open fields largely disappeared and a new order was established Information on 4 parsonages is presented and the Thomlinson family identified as key players in initiating change.

  • Some comments on the Blakeney Census of 1871: by John Wright
    Synopsis: some 25 years ago the author copied out, on visits to Public Record Office in London, the 1871 census returns for Blakeney. While looking for names to append to the family tree, other questions came to mind. What were the occupations of the residents? How many were born in Blakeney? How many children were there? Could comparison with the censuses of 1770 and 1971 help to illustrate long-term social changes? This article revisits notes made at the time, but it remains a collection of comments rather than a systematic demographic study.

  • Further Field Walking at Field Dalling: by Eric Hotblack
    Synopsis: a follow up to two sessions of field walking undertaken by BAHS members.

  • Blakeney Eye: some Comments on Current Investigations: by John Wright
    Synopsis: the Chapel on Blakeney Eye has been a ‘fact’ of local history for centuries yet evidence of its existence is hard to come by. The BAHS recently (1998/99) carried out field work at the site and prepared an account of the surviving documents. Even more recently (2002/03) an extensive archaeological investigation of the Eye has been conducted on behalf of the Environment Agency. This note outlines the nature of the studies. Any fuller account must await the release of the detailed report on the work carried out and the interpretation of finds.

  • Back Pages Snippets; Feedback; Obituary

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Issue No 5 - 2002

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Issue No 4 - 2001

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Issue No 3 - 2000

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Issue No 2 - 1999

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Issue No 1 - 1998

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Please note the original issue was now typeset digitally. The original has been scanned and text converted using optical character recognition. Whilst this means that it is possible that some errors may have been introduced we feel the benefits of being able to search for specific words or phrases outweigh this disadvantage.

  • Contents

  • Editorial

  • 1586 Map of Blakeney Haven and Port of Cley: Part I: by J Hooton
    Synopsis: Since the publication of ‘The Glaven Ports’ I have once again turned my attention to finding out more about the 1586 map of Blakeney Haven and eventually, perhaps, to track down the original. Although the whereabouts of this map is currently a mystery, more information has come to light about the possible reasons why it was drawn, and this will be the subject of a further article in the next issue of this journal. Meanwhile, discussion about the map is bedevilled by the fact that there are many different copies. The following notes summarise my understanding to date, but this remains ‘work in progress’ and I should be grateful for any comments or corrections that readers can offer.

  • Norfolk War Memorials Project 1918-1998: by M Ferroussat
    Synopsis: This year, 1998, is the 80th anniversary of the end of the First World War – which had touched the lives of everyone in the country: husbands, sons, lovers, friends – every family had lost someone. To commemorate the dead, memorials were erected throughout the country. In Norfolk there were 12,000 names to record. This year, a project is under way to ensure that these memorials and the men they commemorate will not be forgotten. This article explains what is being done, both within the county and in Blakeney in particular. It is envisaged that a second article will give some information about the Blakeney men whose names are listed.

  • The Reverend James Pointer: Rector of Blakeney (1584-1621) and Wiveton (1591-1621): by J George
    Synopsis: The sixteenth century was a time of great religious change. Henry VIII defied the authority of the Pope and persuaded Parliament to declare him Supreme Head of the Church in England. In the reign of Mary Tudor there were bloody attempts to return to the Church of Rome, but Queen Elizabeth re-affirmed the Anglican Church and established a compromise with Catholics, though quarrelling and dissent continued in many parts of the country. In this part of Norfolk, far away from London, most people were not greatly bothered by these changes. The passing years brought the cycle of seedtime and harvest – sometimes good, sometimes bad – and the toil of fishing, farming and trading continued. Life went on: no doubt some people objected to the new forms of service, but others accepted them or did not much care either way. It was towards the end of this turbulent century, in 1584, that James Pointer became Rector of Blakeney under the patronage of James Calthorpe.

  • Taylor's Wood: by M White
    Synopsis: As a botanist, I have always been fascinated by the history of our landscape and the way in which it has been moulded by the activities of man. And here in Norfolk, which until late medieval times was one of the most heavily populated counties in England, every corner has a story to tell. Taylor’s Wood is no exception.

  • The Blakeney and Cley Port Books: by R Kelham
    Synopsis: The port books represent one of the major sources for the historian interested in pre-19th century trade. They purport to be a record of all dutiable goods imported or exported, or sent coast-wise, over the period 1565 to 1780. Considering that at various times just about every commodity that could be traded could also be taxed, these records should give a pretty comprehensive overview of England’s ship-borne trade. But do they? This article presents some thoughts on this question and includes some extracts from selected port books. It is intended that some complete transcriptions will be included in future issues of the Journal.

  • Sounds familiar .... but what does it mean: by the Editor
    Synopsis: There is plenty of scope for using the Journal to present, in full, selected documents in order to show the kind of material that is available for the study of local history. The document selected for this first issue dates from the 16th century and can be seen in the Public Record Office at Kew. Kenneth Allen, whose extensive notes on the Glaven villages are in the Norfolk Record Office, had noted its existence but had not transcribed it in full, perhaps because its significance is not immediately clear. Readers are invited to see what they can make of it – letters to the Editor suggesting a solution would be very welcome!

  • Bayfield Church: Resistivity Survey 1998: by P Carnell and J Wright
    Synopsis: One of the members of the The Blakeney Area Historical Society (BAHS), Dr Peter Carnell, has recently developed an expertise in resistivity surveying and has agreed to help the Society to survey selected local sites. This report records the first such survey and demonstrates that though the actual survey is relatively straightforward, interpretation of the findings is rather more difficult. At Bayfield Church the resistivity readings show various archaeological features which cannot be identified precisely but which provide an excellent focus for further study.

  • What the papers said: by the Editor
    Synopsis: Norwich Mercury 4th January 1902
    Two short articles of interest to Blakeney can be found in the Norwich Mercury of the 4th January 1902. The first was drawn to the editor’s attention by a friend and it was pure chance that in looking for it in the paper the second article was seen in the next column but one. The item on the Salvation Army is written in magnificent prose and one can imagine it being read aloud in Churchillian style. The second item concerns three members of the Long family, some of whose descendants still live in the village. The Longs have been the source for many local stories but this one does not seem to have been remembered.


  • Domesday Blakeney: by J Wright
    Synopsis: The aim of this article is to make some explanatory comments on the Domesday entries for Blakeney. Unfortunately, this is not as easy as it sounds, for much of the content of the Domesday Book is not at all clear. In any case, it is difficult to study villages individually for in East Anglia there is no simple correspondence between village and manor. Just as one manor may have jurisdiction in several villages, so one village may owe allegiance to several manors. Any village, Blakeney included, therefore needs to be examined in relation to the pattern of landholding. A further aspect is that many of the social and economic conditions portrayed by Domesday are best seen from a study of the whole area, and the significance of the entries for one village may well be clearer after comparison with entries elsewhere. This article therefore looks at some of the features of Domesday not just for Blakeney but for the whole of the area known as Holt Hundred.

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